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Craftsmanship - the Fifth Agile Manifesto Value?

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Robert "Uncle Bob" Martin re-invigorated the discussion around "professionalism in programming" by proposing that the Agile Manifesto be updated with a fifth value, "Craftsmanship over Execution".

At his Agile 2008 keynote in Toronto, "Uncle Bob" came forth with a proposal that the Manifesto is due for a fifth value: "Craftsmanship over Crap". As he explained, the value signifies that it is more important to pay attention to good craftsmanship in software development, most notably when writing code, than it is simply to crank out working, but "crappy", code.

A week later Bob took the opportunity to clarify his intention, revising the new value he had put forth in Toronto:
The problem with my proposal is that it is not a balanced value statement. In the other four statements we value the second item. We just value the first item more. But in my proposed addition, we simply don’t value crap at all.

So I hereby change my original proposal, which was made for dramatic effect, to:
  • Craftsmanship over Execution
Most software development teams execute, but they don’t take care. We value execution, but we value craftsmanship more.
Many people have spoken up in response to Bob's posting, proposing their own revisions to the original devalued item "crap". Among these responses were: ["Craftsmanship over..."] Heroics, Production, Engineering, Hacking, Brinkmanship, Efficiency, Quantity, Toil, Yield, and even Scrabble.

Not long ago, Brian Marick made similar suggestions that agile teams should value, in addition the current inclusions of the Manifesto, Skill, Discipline, Ease, and Joy. For many years, Pete McBreen has been using the term "craftsmanship" to emphasize the importance of people's skills when it comes to software development. Sean Hanly spoke of "Quality over quantity" and how agile can support "Craftsmanship" in his article Zen and the art of software development. Over the years, many have made similar statements in one form or another about the essentiality of recognizing "software as a craft".

In short, the idea that agile software development place an increased attention to "professionalism as a programmer" is not an entirely new one; XP comes with a long list of technical practices purposed purely at this goal, Scrum emphasizes attention to "technical excellence", and the list goes on. The question: why does it seem so many teams don't necessarily achieve this? Is this too implicit? Would adding a fifth Manifesto value help make this a reality? Would it hurt? Speak up and share your thoughts on the subject.

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Community comments

  • This is something that...

    by Mike Bria,

    Your message is awaiting moderation. Thank you for participating in the discussion.

    ...oddly, seems to have gotten little attention. No comments?

    Don't get me wrong, I don't take it personally or anything, but the funny thing is, this is status quo. What I mean is, this is probably one of the most important topics of our industry (unfortunately), has been for oh so long, but nonetheless always seems to be something that gets little explicit attention (even more unfortunately). And as a result, simply continues on and on as "one of our biggest problems". Chicken, or the egg?

    In other words, art imitating life. Neat-o! ;-)

  • Can has craftsmanship

    by Simon Baker,

    Your message is awaiting moderation. Thank you for participating in the discussion.

    The value statement 'craftsmanship over execution' should be added to the Manifesto. A lack of craftsmanship in so-called agile teams is very worrying and is very pertinent to my work at current clients.

  • Principle number 9 might not be enough

    by Mario Estrella,

    Your message is awaiting moderation. Thank you for participating in the discussion.

    I agree that the Manifesto could use this ammendment; even though the original document already provides for this by way of principle #9 which states literally:

    Continuous attention to technical excellence
    and good design enhances agility

    Having it in the main body of the manifesto would bring it the importance it deserves.

  • Re: Can has craftsmanship

    by Deborah (Hartmann) Preuss,

    Your message is awaiting moderation. Thank you for participating in the discussion.

    For an interesting, different take on Craftsmanship, see the David Anderson talk from Agile2008 that just went up: Future Directions for Agile

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