MoSQL: Synchronizing MongoDB and PostgreSQL Made Easy
San Francisco based Stripe has announced MoSQL, a tool for making reporting from MongoDB much easier via a live-replicating PostgreSQL database. MoSQL is based on MongoRiver, their companion product for monitoring MongoDB data updates in near-realtime.
The purpose of MoSQL is to simulate a traditional RDBMS design wherein reporting and ad hoc queries are performed on a read-only copy of the production data. It is not unusual for this read-only copy to undergo several transformations before being offered to the business analysts, so we aren’t really in uncharted territory.
MongoRiver is a general library for MongoDB oplog tailing. Written in Ruby, MongoRiver allows developers to watch a MongoDB instance for update operations. There isn’t much documentation on it yet, the github site is limited to just the source code. MongoRiver is offered under the MIT License.
Built on MongoRiver, MoSQL performs the actual data transformation. It requires a YAML-stye mapping file they refer to as the “Collection Map file”. Creating this file is the only preparation that developers need to make. MoSQL will automatically create the necessary target tables in PostgreSQL.
MoSQL can run in one-time or tailing mode. In one-time mode, enabled by the “skip-tail” flag, it will simply perform an import. In tailing mode it will monitor the aforementioned oplog so that it can keep PostgreSQL in sync. When starting MoSQL you can also force a fresh import, an operation that will drop the current tables and recreate them anew.
If MoSQL encounters values in the MongoDB database that don't fit within the stated schema (e.g. a floating-point value in a INTEGER field), it will log a warning, ignore the entire object, and continue.
If it encounters a MongoDB object with fields not listed in the collection map, it will discard the extra fields, unless :extra_props is set in the :meta hash. If it is, it will collect any missing fields, JSON-encode them in a hash, and store the resulting text in _extra_props in SQL. It's up to you to do something useful with the JSON. One option is to use plv8 to parse them inside PostgreSQL, or you can just pull the JSON out whole and parse it in application code.
MoSQL is also offered under the MIT License.
Ronny Kohavi Dec 12, 2013