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InfoQ Homepage Presentations The Roots of Scrum

The Roots of Scrum



In a 60-minute JAOO 2005 talk, Scrum creator Dr. Jeff Sutherland covers the history of Scrum from its inception thru his participation with Ken Schwaber in rolling out Scrum to industry, to its impact at Easel, Fuji-Xerox, Honda, WildCard, Lexus, Google. He looks at Scrum types A, B and "all at once" type C, and confirms the humorous rumour that Kent Beck "stole" Scrum practices when creating XP.


Dr. Jeff Sutherland has been VP/CTO of 9 software product companies, most recently PatientKeeper, a top vendor in the mobile/wireless healthcare market. He is an Agile Manifesto signatory and a Certified Scrum Trainer. In 1993 he ran the first Scrum at Easel, and has been a Scrum consultant to Microsoft, Yahoo, Ariba, Cadence, Adobe, GE Healthcare, and M3 Media Services.

About the conference

Recorded at:

Sep 20, 2006

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Community comments

  • Exaggerated summary

    by vivek oswal,

    Your message is awaiting moderation. Thank you for participating in the discussion.

    From jeff sutherland's blog at

    The Roots of Scrum marketing pitch on InfoQ concerning Kent Beck, Scrum, and XP is somewhat exaggerated. In the presentation, I discuss the email Kent sent me in 1995 when he requested materials on Scrum. He was certainly aware of Scrum and particularly the Takeuchi and Nonaka 1996 Harvard Business Review paper mentioned in the Roots of Scrum video. XP, however, focuses on engineering practices which are quite useful to Scrum teams. While the first Scrum team used all of what became XP engineering practices in some form, an early decision was made with Ken Schwaber to focus industry-wide rollout of Scrum on team, project management, and scaling issues. As a result, Scrum as a way to manage and scale teams is nicely complementary, yet not overlapping, to XP engineering practices. The highest performing development teams tend to use both Scrum and XP at once as you will notice in my recent paper on the SirsiDynix project.

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