Kernel.org Back After Security Breach
In August, an announcement that the Kernel.org server had become compromised with malware took the Linux community by storm. Kernel.org is the distribution point for the Linux source archives, as well as hosting other projects like Git. At the time, the main server "hera" was compromised, probably via an intermediary Linux machine that was also compromised.
The advice on the Kernel mailing lists, as well as linked to from the main page, is for developers to consider their machines as potentially tainted, and to regenerate all their GnuPG keys. Since GnuPG relies on a web-of-trust between developers (rather than a known list of root certificates, which are known to have problems like the recent collapse of Diginotar), this requires that Kernel developers physically meet up in order to counter-sign their new keys. separate advice recommends the use of root detectors (such as Chrootkit, ossec-rootcheck and rkhunter. If there is any doubt, a clean re-installation will allow verification of any rogue systems, as will booting from a LiveCD and performing package scans such as
rpm --verify all.
Fortunately, it is not likely that the Kernel source code, which is stored in a Git repository, is compromised. Since Git stores content identified by its SHA-1 hash, if any files were changed then this would immediately show up as a different version of a file. Changes, both pushing and pulling would detect this discrepancy and can easily be notified. In addition, the fact that the Git repository is replicated means that many copies exist over the internet, each of which has the same hashes; so a verification of known good values is possible to calculate for any developer who has a recent checkout of the repository.
A full-write up of the security breach is expected shortly.