AWS recently added a new instance type with nearly 2 terabytes of memory and 128 virtual CPUs. This is the largest virtual server available today in the public cloud, and is a target for memory-intensive workloads such as SAP HANA.
Microsoft recently revealed new pricing structure for Windows Azure Storage along with several improvements.
Microsoft’s Developer Division has released a release candidate of Python Tools for Visual Studio. In addition to supporting refactoring in CPython and IronPython, this release offers support for MPI (Message Passing Interface) and Microsoft HPC (High Performance Computing). Visual Studio Ultimate owners also get a profiler for CPython.
GPU.NET 2.0 supports Mono, enabling building and deploying computational intensive applications for Linux and Mac OS X along the already supported Windows.
Yahoo recently announced and presented a redesign of the core map-reduce architecture for Hadoop to allow for easier upgrades, larger clusters, fast recovery, and to support programming paradigms in addition to Map-Reduce. The new design is quite similar to the open source Mesos cluster management project - both Yahoo and Mesos commented on the differences and opportunities.
GPU.NET is a managed solution integrated with Visual Studio 2010 for .NET developers and aimed at creating calculation intensive applications for GPU.
Windows HPC Server 2008 R2 Suite is the latest HPC solution from Microsoft in the technical computing initiative called Modeling the World. Some of the new features include: workstations clusters, accessing the cloud, using SOA, services for Excel, and GPU support.