BT

InfoQ Homepage News New User Story Format Emphasizes Business Value

New User Story Format Emphasizes Business Value

Bookmarks
Since the early days of agile, user stories have been a common way of capturing requirements. These short bits of documentation, often only a sentence or so written on an index card, capture the essence of the desired functionality. A conventional format for these stories has been:

As a <type of user> I want <some functionality> so that <some benefit>.

Elizabeth Keogh suggests that business value is more important than user role and presents a revised template for writing user stories, which she credits to Chris Matts. The traditional format emphasizes the importance of the user, mentioning them first. The newly proposed variation switches the emphasis to the business value:

In order to <achieve some value>, as a <type of user>, I want <some functionality>.

The change may be subtle, but it is likely to resonate in a value-focused environment.  Elizabeth goes on to describe how the focus on value carries over to planning a software release:
The word 'release' is more meaningful. There's some untapped money out there - some market share, some cost saving, some battle against a competitor. All the features we produce go towards releasing that value for our customers to use - and it's the value we're releasing, not the features.

Would refocusing users stories on business value make a difference in your environment? Leave a comment and share with the community.

Rate this Article

Adoption
Style

Hello stranger!

You need to Register an InfoQ account or or login to post comments. But there's so much more behind being registered.

Get the most out of the InfoQ experience.

Allowed html: a,b,br,blockquote,i,li,pre,u,ul,p

Community comments

  • I like it.

    by Karl Scotland /

    Your message is awaiting moderation. Thank you for participating in the discussion.

    I blogged about it >here.


    I think the new format gives a clearer way of managing the relationship between the small incremental functionality pieces, and the larger value pieces.

  • Some views on the format

    by Ajay Danait /

    Your message is awaiting moderation. Thank you for participating in the discussion.

    These are some views from my manager on this format :



    In order to [achieve some value]
    As a [role]
    I want [some feature].




    i feel


    #1 - it is heavy, and not so natural (more written language than oral one)

    #2 - takes only the 'value' perspective, and hides the 'risk mitigation' side




    -> in the product backlog, we found great to consider priorities on 2 axis : value creation vs risk mitigation




    => good thing when you talk to a end-users in our business, especially it will emphasize the 'OR' sensitivity




    As a <type of user> I want <some functionality> so that <some benefit>.
    should be turned into :-



    #A - As a [type of user] I want [some functionality] to avoid [some operational risk, process weakness, ...]



    #B - As a [type of user] I need [some functionality] to get/maximize/fasten/point.... [some benefit]. </some></some></type>

Allowed html: a,b,br,blockquote,i,li,pre,u,ul,p

Allowed html: a,b,br,blockquote,i,li,pre,u,ul,p

BT

Is your profile up-to-date? Please take a moment to review and update.

Note: If updating/changing your email, a validation request will be sent

Company name:
Company role:
Company size:
Country/Zone:
State/Province/Region:
You will be sent an email to validate the new email address. This pop-up will close itself in a few moments.